Outline the major aspects of an organizational theory of your choice within the parameters set forth below. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the theory. Use scholarly sources to build argument and to support your statements.

 

 

Administrative Management School

 

·         The Administrative Management School sought to develop “principles of administration” that would provide guidelines for effective organization in all types of organizations. The principles tended to emphasize specialization and hierarchical control:

 

·         Division of Work. Work must be divided among units on the basis of task requirements, geographic location, or interdependency in the work process.

 

·         Coordination of Work. Work units must be coordinated back together, through other principles:

 

Ø  Span of Control. A supervisor’s “span of control” should be limited to five to ten subordinates.

 

Ø  One Master. Each subordinate (and subunit) should report directly to only one superior.

 

Ø  Technical Efficiency. Units should be grouped together for maximum technical efficiency on the basis of work requirements, technological interdependence, or purpose.

 

·         The Scalar Principle. Authority must be distributed in an organization like locations on a scale; as you move higher in the hierarchy, each position must have successively more authority, with ultimate authority at the top.

 

 (Rainey 47)

 

Rainey, Hal G. Understanding and Managing Public Organizations,  5th Edition. Jossey-Bass, 2014-01-27. VitalBook file.

 

 Organizational Theory Flashcards

 

1. Max Weber is the classic organizational theorist who was influential in providing analysis of bureaucracies and defined characteristics such as hierarchies of authority, career service, selection and promotion on merit and rules and regulations.

 

2. The theory attributed to Max Weber is the Rational Legal Theory.

 

3. Specialization and hierarchical control are emphasized in the Administrative Management School model. Work is divided, coordinated, and a supervisor’s span of control is limited to no more than ten subordinates.

 

4. The Hawthorne Studies illustrated that paying attention to workers increases a sense of importance and raises productivity.

 

5. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs postulates that human needs begin with low order needs such as food, clothing and shelter and move upward as a lower need is met. The highest level is self-actualization.

 

6. The author Victor Thompson coined the term “Bureaupathology”, a condition where members of a bureaucracy become overly concerned with protecting the authority of their office.

 

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